html构建:reset.css重置浏览器默认CSS样式

github项目:https://github.com/jgthms/minireset.css
cdn资源加速:http://www.bootcdn.cn/minireset.css/

很多CSS样式在不同的浏览器中有着不同的解释和呈现,所以一些设计师想到了一种避免浏览器兼容性问题的方法,那就是CSS Reset。CSS重设就是由于各种浏览器解释CSS样式的初始值有所不同,导致设计师在没有定义某个CSS属性时,不同的浏览器会按照自己的默认值来为没有定义的样式赋值,所以我们要先定义好一些CSS样式,来让所有浏览器都按照同样的规则解释CSS,这样就能避免发生这种问题。

一.最简化的CSS Reset(重设) :

* {
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}

这是最普遍最简单的CSS重设,将所有元素的padding和margin值都设为0,可以避免一些浏览器在理解这两个属性默认值上的”分歧”。

* {
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
border: 0;
}

这是在上一个重设的基础上添加了对border属性的重设,初始值为0的确能避免一些问题。

* {
outline: 0;
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
border: 0;
}

在前两个的基础上添加了outline属性的重设,防止一些冲突。

二.浓缩实用型CSS Reset(重设):

* {
vertical-align: baseline;
font-weight: inherit;
font-family: inherit;
font-style: inherit;
font-size: 100%;
outline: 0;
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
border: 0;
}

该CSS重设方法出自Perishable Press,这是他常用的方法。

三.Poor Man 的CSS Reset:

html, body {
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}
html {
font-size:1em;
}
body {
font-size:100%;
}
a img, :link img, :visited img {
border:0px;
}

这个重设方法将html和body下元素的padding和margin都设为0,并分别为html标签和body标签下的所有元素设置了初始的字体大小,最重要的是把有链接的图片的默认边框去掉了。

四.Siolon’s Global Reset

* {
vertical-align: baseline;
font-family: inherit;
fo

nt-style: inherit;
font-size: 100%;
border: none;
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}
body {
padding: 5px;
}
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, pre, pre, form, ul, ol, dl {
margin: 20px 0;
}
li, dd, pre {
margin-left: 40px;
}
table {
border-collapse: collapse;
border-spacing: 0;
}

五.Shaun Inman’s Global Reset

body, div, dl, dt, dd, ul, ol, li, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, pre, form, fieldset, input, p, pre, table, th, td, embed, object {
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}
table {
border-collapse: collapse;
border-spacing: 0;
}
fieldset, img, abbr {
border: 0;
}
address, caption, cite, code, dfn, em,
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, strong, th, var {
font-weight: normal;
font-style: normal;
}
ul {
list-style: none;
}
caption, th {
text-align: left;
}
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6 {
font-size: 1.0em;
}
q:before, q:after {
content: ";
}
a, ins {
text-decoration: none;
}

六.Yahoo(YUI) CSS Reset:

body,div,dl,dt,dd,ul,ol,li,h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6,pre,
form,fieldset,input,textarea,p,pre,th,td {
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}
table {
border-collapse: collapse;
border-spacing: 0;
}
fieldset,img {
border: 0;
}
address,caption,cite,code,dfn,em,strong,th,var {
font-weight: normal;
font-style: normal;
}
ol,ul {
list-style: none;
}
caption,th {
text-align: left;
}
h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6 {
font-weight: normal;
font-size: 100%;
}
q:before,q:after {
content:";
}
abbr,acronym {
border: 0;
}

七.Eric Meyer’s CSS Reset

html, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe, table, caption,
tbody, tfoot, thead, tr, th, td, del, dfn, em, font, img, ins,
kbd, q, s, samp, small, strike, strong, sub, sup, tt, var,
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, pre, pre, a, abbr,
acronym, address, big, cite, code, dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li,
fieldset, form, label, legend {
vertical-align: baseline;
font-family: inherit;
font-weight: inherit;
font-style: inherit;
font-size: 100%;
outline: 0;
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
border: 0;
}
:focus {
outline: 0;
}
body {
background: white;
line-height: 1;
color: black;
}
ol, ul {
list-style: none;
}
table {
border-collapse: separate;
border-spacing: 0;
}
caption, th, td {
font-weight: normal;
text-align: left;
}
pre:before, pre:after, q:before, q:after {
content: "";
}
pre, q {
quotes: "" "";
}

八.Condensed Meyer Reset:

body, div, dl, dt, dd, ul, ol, li, h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6,
pre, form, fieldset, input, textarea, p, pre, th, td {
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}
fieldset, img {
border: 0;
}
table {
border-collapse: collapse;
border-spacing: 0;
}
ol, ul {
list-style: none;
}
address, caption, cite, code, dfn, em, strong, th, var {
font-weight: normal;
font-style: normal;
}
caption, th {
text-align: left;
}
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6 {
font-weight: normal;
font-size: 100%;
}
q:before, q:after {
content: ";
}
abbr, acronym {
border: 0;
}

九.Ateneu Popular CSS Reset

html, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe, h1, h2, h3,
h4, h5, h6, p, pre, pre, a, abbr, acronym,
address, big, cite, code, del, dfn, em, font, img, ins,
kbd, q, s, samp, small, strike, strong, sub, sup, tt,
var, dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li, fieldset, form, label, legend,
table, caption, tbody, tfoot, thead, tr, th, td {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: 0;
outline: 0;
font-weight: inherit;
font-style: inherit;
font-size: 100%;
font-family: inherit;
vertical-align: baseline;
}
:focus {
outline: 0;
}
a, a:link, a:visited, a:hover, a:active{
text-decoration:none
}
table {
border-collapse: separate;
border-spacing: 0;
}
th, td {
text-align: left;
font-weight: normal;
}
img, iframe {
border: none;
text-decoration:none;
}
ol, ul {
list-style: none;
}
input, textarea, select, button {
font-size: 100%;
font-family: inherit;
}
select {
margin: inherit;
}
hr {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: 0;
color: #000;
background-color: #000;
height: 1px
}

十.Chris Poteet’s Reset CSS

* {
vertical-align: baseline;
font-family: inherit;
font-style: inherit;
font-size: 100%;
border: none;
padding: 0;
margin: 0;
}
body {
padding: 5px;
}
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, pre, pre, form, ul, ol, dl {
margin: 20px 0;
}
li, dd, pre {
margin-left: 40px;
}
table {
border-collapse: collapse;
border-spacing: 0;
}

十一.Tantek Celik Reset CSS

:link,:visited { text-decoration:none }
ul,ol { list-style:none }
h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6,pre,code { font-size:1em; }
ul,ol,li,h1,h2,h3,h4,h5,h6,pre,form,body,html,p,pre,fieldset,input
{ margin:0; padding:0 }
a img,:link img,:visited img { border:none }
address { font-style:normal }

十二.Christian Montoya Reset CSS

html, body, form, fieldset {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
font: 100%/120% Verdana, Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;
}
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, pre,
pre, ul, ol, dl, address {
margin: 1em 0;
padding: 0;
}
li, dd, pre {
margin-left: 1em;
}
form label {
cursor: pointer;
}
fieldset {
border: none;
}
input, select, textarea {
font-size: 100%;
font-family: inherit;
}

十三.Rudeworks Reset CSS

* {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: none;
}
html {
font: 62.5% "Lucida Grande", Lucida, Verdana, sans-serif;
text-shadow: #000 0px 0px 0px;
}
ul {
list-style: none;
list-style-type: none;
}
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p, pre,
pre, ul, ol, dl, address {
font-weight: normal;
margin: 0 0 1em 0;
}
cite, em, dfn {
font-style: italic;
}
sup {
position: relative;
bottom: 0.3em;
vertical-align: baseline;
}
sub {
position: relative;
bottom: -0.2em;
vertical-align: baseline;
}
li, dd, pre {
margin-left: 1em;
}
code, kbd, samp, pre, tt, var, input[type='text'], textarea {
font-size: 100%;
font-family: monaco, "Lucida Console", courier, mono-space;
}
del {
text-decoration: line-through;
}
ins, dfn {
border-bottom: 1px solid #ccc;
}
small, sup, sub {
font-size: 85%;
}
abbr, acronym {
text-transform: uppercase;
font-size: 85%;
letter-spacing: .1em;
border-bottom-style: dotted;
border-bottom-width: 1px;
}
a abbr, a acronym {
border: none;
}
sup {
vertical-align: super;
}
sub {
vertical-align: sub;
}
h1 {
font-size: 2em;
}
h2 {
font-size: 1.8em;
}
h3 {
font-size: 1.6em;
}
h4 {
font-size: 1.4em;
}
h5 {
font-size: 1.2em;
}
h6 {
font-size: 1em;
}
a, a:link, a:visited, a:hover, a:active {
outline: 0;
text-decoration: none;
}
a img {
border: none;
text-decoration: none;
}
img {
border: none;
text-decoration: none;
}
label, button {
cursor: pointer;
}
input:focus, select:focus, textarea:focus {
background-color: #FFF;
}
fieldset {
border: none;
}
.clear {
clear: both;
}
.float-left {
float: left;
}
.float-right {
float: right;
}
body {
text-align: center;
}
#wrapper {
margin: 0 auto;
text-align: left;
}

十四. Anieto2K Reset CSS

html, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe,
h1, h2, h3, h4, h5, h6, p,
pre, pre, a, abbr, acronym, address, big,
cite, code, del, dfn, em, font, img,
ins, kbd, q, s, samp, small, strike,
strong, sub, sup, tt, var, dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li,
fieldset, form, label, legend,
table, caption, tbody, tfoot, thead, tr, th, td,
center, u, b, i {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: 0;
outline: 0;
font-weight: normal;
font-style: normal;
font-size: 100%;
font-family: inherit;
vertical-align: baseline
}
body {
line-height: 1
}
:focus {
outline: 0
}
ol, ul {
list-style: none
}
table {
border-collapse: collapse;
border-spacing: 0
}
pre:before, pre:after, q:before, q:after {
content: ""
}
pre, q {
quotes: "" ""
}
input, textarea {
margin: 0;
padding: 0
}
hr {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: 0;
color: #000;
background-color: #000;
height: 1px
}

十五.CSSLab CSS Reset

html, body, div, span, applet, object, iframe, h1, h2, h3,
h4, h5, h6, p, pre, pre, a, abbr, acronym, address,
big, cite, code, del, dfn, em, font, img, ins, kbd, q, s, samp,
small, strike, strong, sub, sup, tt, var, dl, dt, dd, ol, ul, li,
fieldset, form, label, legend, table, caption, tbody, tfoot,
thead, tr, th, td {
margin: 0;
padding: 0;
border: 0;
outline: 0;
font-weight: inherit;
font-style: inherit;
font-size: 100%;
font-family: inherit;
vertical-align: baseline;
}
:focus {
outline: 0;
}
table {
border-collapse: separate;
border-spacing: 0;
}
caption, th, td {
text-align: left;
font-weight: normal;
}
a img, iframe {
border: none;
}
ol, ul {
list-style: none;
}
input, textarea, select, button {
font-size: 100%;
font-family: inherit;
}
select {
margin: inherit;
}
/* Fixes incorrect placement of numbers in ol's in IE6/7 */
ol { margin-left:2em; }
/* == clearfix == */
.clearfix:after {
content: ".";
display: block;
height: 0;
clear: both;
visibility: hidden;
}
.clearfix {display: inline-block;}
* html .clearfix {height: 1%;}
.clearfix {display: block;}

这15套重设方法其实都是有共同点的,也许有的实现方法不同,但大部分都是同一个目的,就是为了让更多的浏览器能显示同样的效果。

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